The peach (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch) is a species in the Rosaceae family that produces an edible fruit called peach.
The peach tree is a tree originally from China, where it was considered a symbol of immortality, and whose flowers were celebrated by poets, painters and singers.
From the east the peach tree reached Persia, whence it reached Europe; hence the name of the species derives from Persia, meaning “of Persia” (still used today in many Italian dialects such as in the Roman “persica”, or of the Genoese “persiga”). In Egypt fishing was sacred to Harpocrates, god of silence and childhood, so much so that even today the cheeks of children are compared to peaches, for their softness and fleshiness.
The fruit arrived in Rome in the first century AD. and thanks to Alexander the Great it spread throughout the Mediterranean Sea basin. In fact, according to the Roman writer Rutilio Tauro Emiliano Palladio, it seems that he was fascinated by it when he saw it for the first time in the gardens of King Darius III, during the expedition against Persia.