The artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) is a plant of the Asteraceae family cultivated in Italy and other countries for food and, secondarily, medicinal use.
In the dialects of northern Italy it is usually called “articiocco” or “articioc”, a term borrowed from the French artichaut. In the Marche and Abruzzo it is called “scarcioful”, in Campania “carcioffola”, in Calabria “caccioffulu” or “cancioffulu” and in Sicily “cacocciula”.
The artichoke is a perennial herbaceous plant up to 1.5 meters tall, equipped with an underground rhizome from whose buds more stems develop, which at the time of flowering grow in height with a dichotomous branch. The stem, as in all “rosette” plants, is very short (2-4-cm), while the flower stem is robust, cylindrical and pulpy, longitudinally striated.