The Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) Is a Mediterranean herbaceous plant of the Apiaceae family (Umbelliferae).
Known since ancient times for its aromatic properties, its horticultural cultivation seems to date back to 1500.
Cultivated fennel (or sweet fennel) is an annual or biennial plant with a taproot. It reaches 60–80 cm in height. The large white a white lump-like sheath that develops at the base is edible.